Who developed the radiocarbon dating method
If access to western laboratories was wanted, hard currency or connections were required - both thin on the ground during the cold War.
The radiocarbon technique was announced in 1949 by Willard Libby, a university of Chicago scientist interested in cosmic radiation and its effects on the earth's environment; archaeologists quickly realized its potential and Libby won a Nobel prize.
This belief lent support to Montelius' - short chronology' for later European prehistory; through Vinca, Milojcic argued, innumerable central European cultures could be tied to an Aegean sequence underpinned by sound, historically documented dates.
However, it soon became clear that something was adrift.
Predictably therefore, the most sustained resistance to radiocarbon came from central and eastern Europe, most famously from the Heidelberg prehistorian Vladimir Milojcic.
His monumental and meticulously documented book, The chronology of the Later Stone Age in Central and Southeastern Europe (1949), rested on the then widely-accepted premise that the great late neolithic tell at Vinca, near Belgrade, excavated in 1908-12, was an outpost of Aegean early Bronze Age civilization - a harbinger of the copper and bronze metallurgy soon to sweep Europe.