Oracle plsql if updating

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There are 2 syntaxes for an update query in Oracle depending on whether you are performing a traditional update or updating one table with data from another table.

You can also perform more complicated updates in Oracle.


The Oracle UPDATE statement is used to update existing records in a table in an Oracle database.

If a triggering statement omits a column list, the trigger is fired when any column of the associated table is updated. These statements are run if the triggering statement is entered and if the trigger restriction (if included) evaluates to CONNECT system/manager GRANT ADMINISTER DATABASE TRIGGER TO scott; CONNECT scott/tiger CREATE TABLE audit_table ( seq number, user_at VARCHAR2(10), time_now DATE, term VARCHAR2(10), job VARCHAR2(10), proc VARCHAR2(10), enum NUMBER); CREATE OR REPLACE PROCEDURE foo (c VARCHAR2) AS BEGIN INSERT INTO Audit_table (user_at) VALUES(c); END; CREATE OR REPLACE TRIGGER logontrig AFTER LOGON ON DATABASE -- Just call an existing procedure.

A column list cannot be specified for CREATE TABLE Project_tab ( Prj_level NUMBER, Projno NUMBER, Resp_dept NUMBER); CREATE TABLE Emp_tab ( Empno NUMBER NOT NULL, Ename VARCHAR2(10), Job VARCHAR2(9), Mgr NUMBER(4), Hiredate DATE, Sal NUMBER(7,2), Comm NUMBER(7,2), Deptno NUMBER(2) NOT NULL); CREATE TABLE Dept_tab ( Deptno NUMBER(2) NOT NULL, Dname VARCHAR2(14), Loc VARCHAR2(13), Mgr_no NUMBER, Dept_type NUMBER); CREATE OR REPLACE VIEW manager_info AS SELECT e.ename, e.empno, d.dept_type, d.deptno, p.prj_level, p.projno FROM Emp_tab e, Dept_tab d, Project_tab p WHERE e.empno = d.mgr_no AND d.deptno = p.resp_dept; CREATE OR REPLACE TRIGGER manager_info_insert INSTEAD OF INSERT ON manager_info REFERENCING NEW AS n -- new manager information FOR EACH ROW DECLARE rowcnt number; BEGIN SELECT COUNT(*) INTO rowcnt FROM Emp_tab WHERE empno = :n.empno; IF rowcnt = 0 THEN INSERT INTO Emp_tab (empno,ename) VALUES (:n.empno, :n.ename); ELSE UPDATE Emp_tab SET Emp_tab.ename = :n.ename WHERE Emp_tab.empno = :n.empno; END IF; SELECT COUNT(*) INTO rowcnt FROM Dept_tab WHERE deptno = :n.deptno; IF rowcnt = 0 THEN INSERT INTO Dept_tab (deptno, dept_type) VALUES(:n.deptno, :n.dept_type); ELSE UPDATE Dept_tab SET Dept_tab.dept_type = :n.dept_type WHERE Dept_tab.deptno = :n.deptno; END IF; SELECT COUNT(*) INTO rowcnt FROM Project_tab WHERE Project_tab.projno = :n.projno; IF rowcnt = 0 THEN INSERT INTO Project_tab (projno, prj_level) VALUES(:n.projno, :n.prj_level); ELSE UPDATE Project_tab SET Project_tab.prj_level = :n.prj_level WHERE Project_tab.projno = :n.projno; END IF; END; triggers can also be created over nested table view columns. The ORA_LOGIN_USER is a function -- that returns information about the event that fired the trigger.

Oracle automatically executes a trigger when a specified event takes place, which may be in the form of a system event or a DML statement being issued against the table.

Triggers can be: Trigger names must be unique with respect to other triggers in the same schema.

They fire for each nested table element being modified. Two correlation names exist for every column of the table being modified: one for the old column value, and one for the new column value.LAST_APPLIED_DATE IS NOT NULL) THEN SELECT MONTHS_BETWEEN(TO_DATE(sysdate,'DD-MON-YYYY'), TO_DATE(: NEW. -- Try to update job_experience less than 3 years UPDATE job_openings SET JOB_EXPERIENCE = 2 where APPLICATION_ID = 1; -- error Error report - ORA-20000: Job experience must be more than or equal to 3 years. TRG_BEFORE_EMP_UPDATE", line 21 ORA-04088: error during execution of trigger 'SYSTEM. CREATE TABLE bank_transactions ( TXN_ID number(10) primary key, TXN_NUMBER varchar2(20), PARTY_NAME varchar2(50), TXN_DATE date, CREATED_BY varchar2(20), CREATED_DATE date ); --Creating bank_transactions_audit table. He have good understanding and knowledge of Java, Database, Spring, Hibernate and exploring other technologies related to Software development.LAST_APPLIED_DATE,'DD-MON-YYYY'))/12 INTO years_since_last_applied FROM dual; -- Check whether years_since_last_applied is greater than 2 years or not IF (years_since_last_applied -- setting date format to to 'DD-MON-YYYY' alter session set nls_date_format = 'DD-MON-YYYY'; INSERT INTO job_openings VALUES (1,'Mark','Sharma',10,'01-JAN-2012'); INSERT INTO job_openings VALUES (2,'Praveen','Kumar',4,'01-DEC-2010'); INSERT INTO job_openings VALUES (3,'Rahul','Kohli',6,null); -- output 1 rows inserted. TRG_BEFORE_EMP_UPDATE' -- Try to update last_Applied_Date which is less than 2 years UPDATE job_openings SET LAST_APPLIED_DATE = '10-JUN-2016' where APPLICATION_ID = 3; -- error Error report - ORA-20000: Previous application attempt must not be done in last 2 years. TRG_BEFORE_EMP_UPDATE", line 15 ORA-04088: error during execution of trigger 'SYSTEM. UPDATED_DATE := sysdate; END; -- setting date format to to 'DD-MON-YYYY' alter session set nls_date_format = 'DD-MON-YYYY'; INSERT INTO person_records VALUES (101,'Devil','Khedut',sysdate,null,null); INSERT INTO person_records VALUES (102,'Kanji','Yadav',sysdate,null,null); -- output 1 rows inserted. CREATE TABLE bank_transactions_audit ( TXN_ID number(10), TXN_NUMBER varchar2(20), PARTY_NAME varchar2(50), TXN_DATE date, CREATED_BY varchar2(20), CREATED_DATE date ); --Creating Trigger CREATE OR REPLACE TRIGGER trg_before_update_txn_audit BEFORE UPDATE ON bank_transactions FOR EACH ROW BEGIN -- Insert OLD values in audit table for logging purpose INSERT INTO bank_transactions_audit VALUES(: OLD. Instead you can check to see what columns are updated in the body of the trigger by using the UPDATING ('column_name') clause.create table Employee( 2 ID VARCHAR2(4 BYTE) NOT NULL, 3 First_Name VARCHAR2(10 BYTE), 4 Last_Name VARCHAR2(10 BYTE), 5 Start_Date DATE, 6 End_Date DATE, 7 Salary Number(8,2), 8 City VARCHAR2(10 BYTE), 9 Description VARCHAR2(15 BYTE) 10 ) 11 / Table created.

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